Action Methods with Children and Adolescents
Copyright 2002 Rob Pramann, Ph.D., TEP
Shepherd's Staff Training in Psychodrama
asked for materials on psychodrama with children in March 2002 and July
2001 on the psychodrama list serve (grouptalk) and also offered a summarization
of on the psychodrama list serve (grouptalk) and also offered a summarization
of the responses I had received through March. Subsequently, at the
suggestion of another grouptalk participant, I contacted Peter Rowan,
Dean and Associate Professor, Expressive Therapy Program, Lesley College
Graduate School. He had taught a course for a number of years on action
methods with children and adolescents and was quite willing to share
his ideas. I have updated his reading list, indicating most recent editions
and some ommitted bibliographic information. I am pleased to offer it
with Peter's endorsement.
noted that the scope of the course and bibliography is broader than
just psychodrama. Also he pointed out that though many of the articles
he cites are antiquated in terms of clinical terminology the methods
remain quite effective. After having gone through the literature this
is what identified as the best medium length list of resources.
J. L. (1946). Psychodrama Vol. I. (Republished in 1972 and
1993). Beacon, NY: Beacon House. Especially Section IV, Principles
of Spontaneity, pp. 47-150.
J. L. & Moreno, Z. T. (1959). Psychodrama Vol. II: Foundations
of psychotherapy. Beacon, NY: Beacon House. Especially chapter
II, Interpersonal Therapy, Group Psychotherapy and the function of
the Unconscious, pp. 47-87, chapter IV, The Discovery of the Spontaneous
Man with Special Emphasis Upon the Technique of Role Reversal, pp.
135 – 186.
Moreno, J. L. & Moreno, Z. T. (1969) Psychodrama Vol. III:
Action therapy and principles of practice. Beacon, NY: Beacon
House. Especially chapter II. Psychodrama of children and Adolescence,
pp. 33- 60, chapter V, Overview of Psychodramatic Techniques, pp.
233 – 246.
Moreno, J. L. , Moreno, Z. T. , & Moreno, J. (1964). The first
psychodramatic family. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.
G. & Roark, A. E. (1974). Human interaction in education.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
J. (1973). Anger and the rocking chair: Gestalt awareness with
children. New York: McGraw Hill.
A. (1996). Acting in: Practical applications of psychodramatic
methods (3rd ed.). New York: Springer.
C. (1975). Who will listen? Children and parents in therapy. New
D. (1980). Creating environments for troubled children. Chapel
Hill: North Carolina Press.
A. (1989). The passionate technique: Strategic psychodrama with
individuals, families, and groups. New York: Tavistock/Routledge.
P. & Karp, M. (Eds.). (1991). Psychodrama: Inspiration and
technique. New York: Tavistock/Routledge.
B. (1997). Who calls the tune: A psychodramatic approach to child
therapy. New York: Tavistock/Routledge.
R. L. (1971). An experimental program of activity therapy in a child
care center. Child Welfare, 1, 290 – 297.
Z. T. (1954). Psychodrama in the crib. Group Psychotherapy, 7,
R. & Clancy, C. (1954), Psychodrama in the kindergarten and nursery
school, Group Psychotherapy, 7, 262 – 290.
R. F. (1954). The use of psychodrama in the psychiatric clinic. Group
Psychotherapy, 4, 222 - 226.
M. (1954). An example of the use of psychodrama in the relieving of
an acute symptom in a psychiatric children’s clinic. Group
Psychotherapy, 6, 216 – 221.
J. L., Rubenfeld, S., & Swellow, R. (1956). Countertransference
as a factor in the delinquents’ resistance to group psychotherapy.
Group Psychotherapy, 11, 229 – 245.
P. (1973). Psychodramatic treatment of death fantasies in adolescent
girls. Handbook of International Sociometry, 7, 94 –
E. (1955a). A group therapy and psychodrama approach with adolescent
drug addicts. Group Psychotherapy, 8, 161 – 167.
E. (1955b). Concepts and techniques of role playing and role training,
utilizing psychodramatic methods in group therapy with adolescent
drug addicts. Group Psychotherapy, 8, 308 – 315.
E. (1958). A group psychotherapy program at Berkshire Industrial Farm.
Group Psychotherapy, 11, 57 – 62.
S. (1968). Role playing in a youth employment office. Group Psychotherapy
and Psychodrama, 23, 21 – 26.
S. T. (1991). Who goes there? Group analytic drama for disturbed adolescents.
In P. Holmes, & M. Karp (Eds.), Psychodrama: Inspiration and
technique. New York: Tavistock/Routledge.
J. L. & Moreno, Z. T. (1969). Psychodrama in a well baby clinic.
In Psychodrama Vol. III: Action therapy and principles of practice
(pp. 33 –38). Beacon, NY: Beacon House.
A. (1953). Psychodrama with a child’s social atom. Group
Psychotherapy, 5, 222 – 225.
D. (1954). Psychodrama in the family. Group Psychotherapy, 7,
167 – 177.
G. & Loomis, E. A. (1954). Psychodrama with parents of hospitalized
schizophrenic children. Group Psychotherapy, 7, 118 –
A. (1959). Psychodrama with a family. Group Psychotherapy, 12,
27 – 31.
T. (1981). J. L. Moreno: An unrecognized pioneer of family therapy.
Family Process, 20, 331 –335.
L. S. (1983). Intertwining Jungian depth psychology and family therapy
through use of action techniques. Journal of Group Therapy, Psychodrama,
and Sociometry, 35, 155 - 164.
M. A. & Rozema, H. J. (1987). Stimulus activities for family communication.
Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 40,
37 – 42.
C. A. (1982). Multiple family psychodramatic therapy. Journal
of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry, 35, 47 –
C. A. (1983). Structuring and staging: A comparison of Minuchin’s
structural family therapy and Moreno’s psychodramatic therapy.
Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry, 35,
S. L. (1981). Spontaneity, sociometry, and the warming up process
in family therapy. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama,
and Sociometry, 34, 44 – 53.
R. (1986). Use of psychodramatic intervention with families: Change
on multiple levels. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama,
and Sociometry, 39, 13 – 30.
G. & Roark, A. E. (1974). Chapter 6: Role playing and action methods
in the classroom. In Human interaction in education (pp.
171 – 208). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
May, J. H. (1974). A perceptual social atom sociogram. Group Psychotherapy,
27, 128 – 134.
S. (1968). Social atom: An alternative to imprisonment. Group
Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 23, 173 – 183.
– Bermudas, J. G. (1960). The intermediary object. Group
Psychotherapy, 22, 149 – 154.
J. M. (1974). The dynamics of group and action processes in therapy:
An analysis of the warm up in psychodrama. In I. A. Greenburg (Ed.),
Psychodrama theory and therapy (pp 111-117). New York: Behavioral
E. (1992). Chapter 4, The Double. A clinician’s guide to
psychodrama (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.
P. (1947). Action catharsis and intensive psychotherapy. Sociatry,
1, 59 – 63.
J. K. (1971). Easing the pain of termination for adolescents. Social
Casework, ??, 519-527.
P. J. (n.d.) Warm ups and techniques to be used with children
and adolescents. (Available from the author, Lesley College Graduate
School, 29 Everett St., Cambridge, MA 02138, also available at www.ssccc.com/pbca.htm).
J. A., Jones, H. E., & Kolodny, R. (1978) A model for stages of
development in social work groups. In S. Bernstein Explorations
in Group Work. Boston: Charles Rivers.
C. (2003). A process for psychodrama training: The Hollander psychodrama
curve. The International Journal of Action Methods: Psychodrama,
Skill Training, and Role Playing, 54, 147-157. Also published
in 1978 through Snow Lion Press, Inc, 513 East 13th Avenue, Denver,